Effects of Anthropogenic Sounds on Fishes
Weare pleased to announce the publication of
The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life,
edited by Arthur N. Popper and Anthony Hawkins. This volume is the
outgrowth of the 2010 meeting of the same title that took place in
Cork, Ireland. A third meeting in this series is planned for
August 2013. Please see
www.AN2013.org to follow plans.
The past decades have
seen a growing concern about the impact of human-generated (anthropogenic)
sound on marine mammals (see Popper and Hastings  and
Slabbekoorn et al.  below for fuller discussions). However, such underwater sounds may also
have an impact on other marine organisms, including fishes. Not
only might such sounds do the same types of damage to fishes as
to mammals, but the impact of such damage may be rather great since
fish make up a major part of the food chain for marine mammals,
and humans. Depending upon the magnitude of the signal, there may
be no impact on animals, or the impact may involve disruption of
behavior, or even physical or physiological damage to the animals.
However, very little
is known about the impact of high intensity sounds on fishes and little is
also known about the effects of just a small increase in background
noise on fish.
Our laboratory is
involved in a wide range of studies on the effects of anthropogenic
sounds on fishes. The following links lead to these studies.
Pile Driving on Fish
Effects of air-guns on the ears of
Effects of seismic air-guns on fish hearing
Sensory hair cell loss as the result of
high intensity pure tones
Increased background noise and fish hearing
Effects of Low and Mid-Frequency
Active Sonars on Fish
Some of our publications on this topic
(go to our Publications page for a full set of citations on this
Popper, A. N., Smith, M. E., Cott, P. A., Hanna, B. W.,
MacGillivray, A, O, Austin, M. E, Mann, D. A. (2005). Effects
of exposure to seismic airgun use on hearing of three fish
species. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 117:3958-3971.
Smith, M. E., Coffin, A. B., Miller, D. L., and Popper, A. N. (2006).
Anatomical and functional recovery of the goldfish (Carassius
auratus) ear following noise exposure. J. Exp. Biol.,
Popper, A. N.,
Halvorsen, M. B., Kane, E., Miller, D. D., Smith, M. E., Stein,
P., and Wysocki, L. E. (2007).
The effects of high-intensity, low-frequency active sonar on
rainbow trout. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 122:623-635.PDF
Wysocki, L. E., Davidson III, J. W., Smith, M. E., Frankel, A.
S., Ellison, W. T., Mazik, P. M., Popper, A. N.,Bebak, J. 2007).
Effects of aquaculture production noise on hearing, growth, and
disease resistance of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Aquaculture, 272: 687-697.
Halvorsen, H. B., Wysocki, L. E., Stehr, C. M., Baldwin, D. H.,
Scholz, N. L., and Popper, A. N.(2009).
effects on sensory systems of Chinook salmon smolts. Trans. Am.
Fish. Soc., 138:777-789.Link
N., and Hastings, M. C. (2009). The effects on fish of
human-generated (anthropogenic) sound. Integrative Zool.,
Popper, A. N. and Hastings, M. C. (2009).
Effects of anthropogenic sources of sound on fishes. J.
Fish Biol. 75:455-498.
Kane, A. S., Song.,
J., Halvorsen, M. B., Miller,
D. L., Salierno, J. D., Wysocki, L. E., Zeddies,
D., Popper, A. N. (2010). Exposure of fish to high intensity
sonar does not induce acute pathology. J. Fish Biol.,
H., Bouton, N, van Opzeeland, I., Coers, A., ten Cate, C., and
Popper, A. N. (2010).
A noisy spring: the impact of globally rising
underwater sound levels on fish. Trends in Ecology &
Evolution, in press.
Halvorsen, M.B., Casper, B.M., Woodley, C.M., Carlson, T.J., and
Popper, A.N. (2011). Predicting and mitigating hydroacoustic
impacts on fish from pile installations. NCHRP Research
Results Digest 363, Project 25-28, National Cooperative Highway
Research Program, Transportation Research Board, National Academy
of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
Halvorsen, M. B., Zeddies, D. G., Ellison, W. T., Chicoine, D. R.,
and Popper, A. N. (2012). Effects of mid-frequency active sonar on
fish hearing. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 131:599-607.
Halvorsen, M. B., Casper, B. M, Woodley, C. M.,
Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2012).
Threshold for onset
of injury in Chinook salmon from exposure to impulsive pile driving
sounds. PLoS ONE, 7(6)
Casper, B. M., Popper, A. N., Matthews, F., Carlson,
T. J., and Halvorsen, M. B. (2012).
Recovery of barotrauma injuries in Chinook salmon,
from exposure to pile driving sound. PLoS ONE,
7(6): e39593. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039593.
Halvorsen, M. B., Casper, B. M., Matthews, F.,
Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2012).
Effects of exposure
to pile driving sounds on the lake sturgeon, Nile tilapia,
and hogchoker. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
279, 4705-4714 doi:
Casper, B. M., Smith, M. E., Halvorsen, M. B., Sun,
H., Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2013). Effects of exposure to
pile driving sounds on fish inner ear tissues. Comparative
Biochemistry and Physiology A, 166:352-360.
Casper, B. M. Halvorsen, M. B., Mathews, F., Carlson,
T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2013). Recovery of barotrauma injuries
resulting from exposure to pile driving sounds in two sizes of
hybrid striped bass. PLoS ONE,
8(9): e73844. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073844
N.., Halvorsen, M. B., Casper, B. M, and Carlson, T. J.
(2013). U. S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy
Management, Headquarters, Herndon, VA. Effects of Pile Sounds on
Tissues of Fish. OCS Study BOEM 2012-105. 60 pp.
Link - reference OCS Study BOEM 2012-105