Effects of Anthropogenic Sounds on Fishes

Weare pleased to announce the publication of The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, edited by Arthur N. Popper and Anthony Hawkins. This volume is the outgrowth of the 2010 meeting of the same title that took place in Cork, Ireland.  A third meeting in this series is planned for August 2013.  Please see www.AN2013.org to follow plans.

The past decades have seen a growing concern about the impact of human-generated (anthropogenic) sound on marine mammals (see Popper and Hastings [2009] and Slabbekoorn et al. [2010] below for fuller discussions). However, such underwater sounds may also have an impact on other marine organisms, including fishes. Not only might such sounds do the same types of damage to fishes as to mammals, but the impact of such damage may be rather great since fish make up a major part of the food chain for marine mammals, and humans. Depending upon the magnitude of the signal, there may be no impact on animals, or the impact may involve disruption of behavior, or even physical or physiological damage to the animals.

However, very little is known about the impact of high intensity sounds on fishes and little is also known about the effects of just a small increase in background noise on fish.

Our laboratory is involved in a wide range of studies on the effects of anthropogenic sounds on fishes.  The following links lead to these studies.

Effects of Pile Driving on Fish

Effects of air-guns on the ears of fishes

Effects of seismic air-guns on fish hearing

Sensory hair cell loss as the result of high intensity pure tones

Increased background noise and fish hearing

Effects of Low and Mid-Frequency Active Sonars on Fish

Some of our publications on this topic (go to our Publications page for a full set of citations on this topic):

  • Popper, A. N., Smith, M. E., Cott, P. A., Hanna, B. W., MacGillivray, A, O, Austin, M. E, Mann, D. A. (2005).  Effects of exposure to seismic airgun use on hearing of three fish species. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 117:3958-3971.

  • Smith, M. E., Coffin, A. B., Miller, D. L., and Popper, A. N. (2006). Anatomical and functional recovery of the goldfish (Carassius auratus) ear following noise exposure. J. Exp. Biol., 209:4193-4202.PDF

  • Popper, A. N., Halvorsen, M. B., Kane, E., Miller, D. D., Smith, M. E., Stein, P., and Wysocki, L. E. (2007). The effects of high-intensity, low-frequency active sonar on rainbow trout. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 122:623-635.PDF

  • Wysocki, L. E., Davidson III, J. W., Smith, M. E., Frankel, A. S., Ellison, W. T., Mazik, P. M., Popper, A. N.,Bebak, J. 2007). Effects of aquaculture production noise on hearing, growth, and disease resistance of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture, 272: 687-697. Link

  • Halvorsen, H. B., Wysocki, L. E., Stehr, C. M., Baldwin, D. H., Scholz, N. L., and Popper, A. N.(2009). Barging effects on sensory systems of Chinook salmon smolts. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 138:777-789.Link

  • Popper, A. N., and Hastings, M. C. (2009). The effects on fish of human-generated (anthropogenic) sound. Integrative Zool., 4:43-52.PDF

  •  Popper, A. N. and Hastings, M. C. (2009).  Effects of anthropogenic sources of sound on fishes. J. Fish Biol. 75:455-498.PDF

  • Kane, A. S., Song., J., Halvorsen, M. B., Miller, D. L., Salierno, J. D., Wysocki, L. E., Zeddies, D., Popper, A. N. (2010). Exposure of fish to high intensity sonar does not induce acute pathology. J. Fish Biol., 76:1825-1840.Link

  • Slabbekoorn, H., Bouton, N, van Opzeeland, I., Coers, A., ten Cate, C., and Popper, A. N. (2010). A noisy spring: the impact of globally rising underwater sound levels on fish. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, in press. Link

  • Halvorsen, M.B., Casper, B.M., Woodley, C.M., Carlson, T.J., and Popper, A.N. (2011).  Predicting and mitigating hydroacoustic impacts on fish from pile installations.  NCHRP Research Results Digest 363, Project 25-28, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Link

  • Halvorsen, M. B., Zeddies, D. G., Ellison, W. T., Chicoine, D. R., and Popper, A. N. (2012). Effects of mid-frequency active sonar on fish hearing. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 131:599-607. Link

    Halvorsen, M. B., Casper, B. M, Woodley, C. M., Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2012). Threshold for onset of injury in Chinook salmon from exposure to impulsive pile driving sounds. PLoS ONE, 7(6) e38968. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038968. Link

    Casper, B. M., Popper, A. N., Matthews, F., Carlson, T. J., and Halvorsen, M. B. (2012). Recovery of barotrauma injuries in Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from exposure to pile driving sound. PLoS ONE, 7(6): e39593. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039593. Link 

    Halvorsen, M. B., Casper, B. M., Matthews, F., Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2012). Effects of exposure to pile driving sounds on the lake sturgeon, Nile tilapia, and hogchoker. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.  279, 4705-4714  doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.154.  Link. 

    Casper, B. M., Smith, M. E., Halvorsen, M. B., Sun, H., Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2013). Effects of exposure to pile driving sounds on fish inner ear tissues. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A, 166:352-360.  Link

    Casper, B. M. Halvorsen, M. B., Mathews, F., Carlson, T. J., and Popper, A. N. (2013). Recovery of barotrauma injuries resulting from exposure to pile driving sounds in two sizes of hybrid striped bass. PLoS ONE, 8(9): e73844. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073844 Link 

     Popper, A.  N.., Halvorsen, M. B., Casper, B. M, and Carlson, T. J. (2013). U. S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Headquarters, Herndon, VA. Effects of Pile Sounds on Non-Auditory Tissues of Fish. OCS Study BOEM 2012-105. 60 pp. Link - reference OCS Study BOEM 2012-105


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